Project homepage : http://web-mode.org/
For a long time html-mode was the best option for web editing in Emacs. Although it works well for straight html, it can struggle when in template languages.
web-mode is a mode made specifically for editing HTML with embedded templates. It supports the following languages:
- ctemplate (for mustache, handlebars, ember etc)
And 15 more (at the time of writing).
It's one of the modes I use most, so it makes sense to learn some more about it.
Adding a file extension to web-mode
To make Emacs use web-mode for a specific file extension, add the following to
.emacs.d/init.el (or another file where your configuration lives).
;; Make Emacs use web-mode for .phtml files. (add-to-list 'auto-mode-alist '("\\.phtml\\'" . web-mode))
Navigation key bindings
- Jump between opening and closing tags. The cursor has to be on the tag (not the tag content) for this to work.
C-c C-e b
- Jump to the beginning of the current element.
C-c C-e b
- Jump to the end of the current element.
Region selection key bindings
C-c C-e s
- Select the current element (opening through closing).
- Expand the current selection to the nearest element. I prefer to use expand region, but this is still quite useful.
Other useful key bindings
C-c C-e c
- Clone the current element under the cursor. Useful when filling something like a table and wanting to replicate a column.
- Fold or unfold the current block.
- Comment the current line or region. Automatically works with whatever template language is currently under the cursor.
Different projects may have different coding styles. Some require tabs, some require 4 spaces and some require 2 spaces.
Thankfully Emacs supports per-directory settings via
following code will set a project to use tabs instead of spaces, and to display
tab width as 2 characters.
((web-mode . ((indent-tabs-mode . t) (tab-width . 2))))
This example will use 4 spaces for indentation.
((web-mode . ((indent-tabs-mode . nil) (web-mode-markup-indent-offset . 4))))
C-c C-s will insert a snippet at the current location. An example snippet
looks a bit like this:
(setq web-mode-extra-snippets '(("php" . (("foreach" . "<?php foreach ( $items as $item ) : ?>\n(|)\n<?php endforeach; ?>")))))
Which inserts the following and places the cursor at the | character:
<?php foreach ( $items as $item ) : ?> | <?php endforeach ?>
This post is part of the "Exploring my Emacs packages" series.